Journal of ISSN: 2373-6445JPCPY

Psychology & Clinical Psychiatry
Research Article
Volume 2 Issue 3 - 2015
Results of Operation the Online Medical Care System in High Schools
Mahsa Houshdar*
Hooshdar Medical Technology Company, Iran
Received: December 10, 2014 | Published: March 19, 2015
*Corresponding author: Mahsa Houshdar, Hooshdar Medical Technology Company, Iran - Karaj - Taleghani Ave - No 455 - Second Floor, Tel: 009832264770, 00989354928132; Email: @
Citation: Houshdar M (2015) Results of Operation the Online Medical Care System in High Schools. J Psychol Clin Psychiatry 2(3): 00075. DOI: 10.15406/jpcpy.2015.02.00075

Abstract

Introduction: Online Medicare is a method in which parts of a medical process - whether its diagnostics, monitoring or the treatment itself will be done by using online services. This system has been operated in one boys high school, one girls high school and one high school in deprived aria.

Method: At the first step the students registered for using the system. It was not mandatory and not free. They participated in estimating depression scale, anxiety scale and clinical interview by online medical care system. During this estimation, we could find the existence and severity of depression and anxiety in each one of the participants, also we could find the consequent needs of each one, such as supportive therapy in mild depression or anxiety, need to visited by psychologist in moderate cases, need to visited by psychiatrist in moderate-severe cases, need to visited by psychiatrist and psychologist in severe cases and need to perform medical lab examination tests. The lab examination tests were performed on persons specified by the system. In the lab examinations were included: serum level of vitamin D, serum level of vitamin B12, serum level of calcium, fasting blood sugar, HbA1c, thyroid function tests and CBC. All of the students were solely treated by vitamins or minerals therapy and/ or treatment of medical problem (such as hypothyroidism).

Results: In girls high school: the existence and severity of depression significantly decreased (P value= 0.018<0.05), but results about anxiety was not significant. In boys high school: the existence and severity of depression significantly decreased (P value= 0.023<0.05), but results about anxiety was not significant in high school in deprived area the students did not have any problem paying for participating in the project, but they could not pay for medical lab examination tests. Thus, operation of the system was not possible in deprived area without a sponsor.

Conclusion: This online medical system was successful in creating medical and psychiatric profile without attending physician. It was successful in decreasing depression without using antidepressants, but it was not successful in decreasing anxiety.

Introduction

Online Medicare is a method in which parts of a medical process, whether its diagnosing, monitoring or the treatment itself, will be done by using online services. The website (www.hooshdar.com) is an effort to bring fairness in health to people across the globe using modern methods. We choose psychiatric disorder depression and anxiety to be our focus in phase one. Why we choose depression and anxiety in the first line of online Medicare?
The prevalence: The global mean prevalence for depression is about %17 in the life period [1]. This is about %14 to %24 in adolescent [2]. The global mean for anxiety is %25 in total. It is %30.5 in women and %19.2 in men [3].
The second reason for this choice is the morbidities that can be caused by these two diseases. Depression & anxiety can cause decrease in concentration that will reduce interest in doing homework. It can cause fatigue and drowsiness, all of which cause academic failure [4]. Depression can cause antisocial behavior in adults, disobedience of rules is its consequence [5]. It can cause conduct disorder in adolescents too. It can increase the chance of addiction to opium or alcohol [4]. Conduct disorders can cause following problems in adolescents: aggressive behavior causing bodily harm to oneself or others, destruction of property, theft and fraud, disturbing law and order related to their age [6,7].
Neither depression nor anxiety doesn’t always occur spontaneously, in many cases they are created because of some other diseases, such as diabetes or hypo or hyperthyroidism [1].
Thus, if we can diagnose depression & anxiety, finally we can find the medical diseases which trigger them. Then we can use a plan for a combined treatment. By this way we can prevent many academic failure and aggressive behavior in the high schools.
For finding the main diseases which should be considered
First, I considered the 13 to 19 year old depressed or anxious patients, who were referred to my personal office for medical disorders, they showed:
  1. Hypothyroidism (%11.1)
  2. Impaired GTT (%8.33)
  3. Reactive hypoglycemia (%5.5)
  4. Hypocalcaemia (%13.88)
  5. Vitamin b12 deficiency (%38.88)
  6. Poly cystic ovary(%2,52)
  7. Thalassemia (%2.52).
After this research we decided to search Hypothyroidism, vitamin B12 deficiency, Hypocalcaemia, diabetes, impaired fasting glucose level, hypoglycemia, and anemia in persons, who were presented for lab examination by the system. After two years we decided to change hypocalcaemia with vitamin d deficiency.
With Ministry of Education’s permission, we decided to operate this system in high schools. As pilot study during three years we operated the system in one girls high school, one boys high school and one high school in a deprived aria. Participating in this program was neither mandatory nor free, thus the results cannot be generalized, but it can show the relationship between depression and anxiety with medical diseases in Iran and the effectiveness of operating the system in schools in decreasing these two problems. Results in high school in deprived area:
We can show the results by using a few tables (Table 1-3):
  1. As you see: Only %10 persons from %43 persons who chosen by system for lab examinations, could pay the price of lab examination in the high school of deprived area. These pilot studies show that participating in this program in high schools in deprived areas without sponsor is not possible.
  2. Results in girls high schools: The results in girls high schools show that, operating the system can reduce the rate and severity of depression significantly. Because of low participation, we cannot reach statistically significant results about anxiety.
Normal

Severe
depression
Refer to
Psychiatrist & psychologist
Doing lab exam

Moderately
severe
depression
Refer to
psychiatrist
Doing lab exam

Moderate
depression
Refer to
Psychologist
Doing lab exam

Mean ± SD

Total participants

13

%18.3

10

%14

11

%15.5

22

%31.9

15

%21.1

71

%100

Table 1: Severity of Depression in Total Participants, and their needs according to the severity of depression in deprived high school.

Normal

Severe
Anxiety
Refer to
Psychiatrist &
psychologist
Doing lab
Exam

Moderately
severe
Anxiety
Refer to
psychiatrist
Doing lab
Exam

Moderate
Anxiety
Refer to
Psychologist
Doing lab
Exam

Mild
Anxiety
Supportive
Therapy

Total
participants

12
%17

1
%1.5

8
%11

21
%29.5

29
%41

71
%100

Table 2: Severity of Anxiety in Total Participants, and their needs according to the severity of Anxiety in deprived high school.

c

Low
calcium
blood
level

200< Vitamin b12<350

Vitamin b12<200

Total
participants

1

1

5

1

7

Hypothyroidism

High
Cholesterol
or TG
blood level

Impaired
fasting
glucose

Diabetes

Total
participants

0

0

0

0

7

Table 3: The rate of medical diseases in the participants who chosen by the system for lab exam.

We can show the results by using a few tables (Table 4-6):
After four month we come back to the high school, and measured the severity of depression and anxiety in the participants who treated by folic acid, Fe, levothyroxine and vitamin b12. No one treated by ant anxiety or antidepressant. Results show:
  1. Statistical results in anxiety scale test GAD7.
  2. The P value is 0.1244 (> 0.05, Signed rank test comparing the mean versus 0). The lack of difference may be due to lack of statistical power, (with more subjects, we could perhaps show a significant difference).
  3. Statistical results in depression scale test PHQ9.
  4. The mean difference between baseline and final endpoint is -2.9 with a standard deviation of 3.96, the 95 % Confidence interval is [-4.9; -0.9] and don’t contains 0, so the difference between before and after is statistically significant for this parameter. On the other hand the P value is 0.018 (<0.05, Signed rank test comparing the mean versus 0).

Normal

Severe
depression
Refer to
Psychiatrist & psychologist Doing lab
exam

Moderately
severe
depression
Refer to
psychiatrist
Doing lab
exam

Moderate
depression
Refer to
Psychologist
Doing lab
Exam

Mild
depression
Supportive
Therapy

Total
participants

28
%37.3

2
2.6

7
%9.3

13
%17.3

25
%33.3

75
%100

Table 4: Severity of Depression in Total Participants, and their needs according to the severity.

Normal

Severe
Anxiety
Refer to
Psychiatrist &
psychologist
Doing lab
exam

Moderately
severe
Anxiety
Refer to
psychiatrist
Doing lab
exam

Moderate
Anxiety
Refer to
Psychologist
Doing lab
exam

Mild
Anxiety
Supportive
Therapy

Total
participants

100

38

31

4

0

28

%100

%38

%31

%4

%0

%28

Table 5: Severity of Anxiety in Total Participants, and their needs according to the severity of Anxiety in deprived high school.

Total
participants

Vit b12<200

200<vit b12<350

Diabetes

Hypo
glycemia

Impaired FBS

20
%100

2
%10

15
%75

0
%0

0
%0

0
%0

Total
participants

Anemia

Hypo calcemia

Hypothyroid

Without problem

High
Cholesterol
or TG
blood level

20
%100

1
%5

0
%0

1
%5

2
%10

0
%0

Table 6: The rate of medical diseases in the persons, chosen by the system for lab exam.

Results in boys high schools
  1. The results in boy’s high schools show that; operating the system can reduce the rate and severity of depression significantly in treated patients compared with non treated patients and semi treated patients. Although we cannot reach statistically significant results about anxiety. We can show the results by using a few tables (Table 7-9).

Total
participant

Mild
depression
Supportive
therapy

Moderate depression
Refer to psychologist Doing
lab exam

Moderately severe depression
Refer to psychiatrist
Doing
lab exam

severe depression
Refer to psychiatrist, psychologist
Doing
lab exam

Normal

109
%100

27
%24.7

30
%27.5

20
%18.3

15
%13.7

17
%15.6

Table 7: Severity of depression in total participants, and their needs according to the severity of their depression.

Total
participant

Mild anxiety
Supportive
therapy

Moderate
anxiety
Refer to psychologist Doing
lab exam

Moderately severe anxiety
Refer to psychiatrist
Doing
lab exam

severe
anxiety
Refer to psychiatrist, psychologist
Doing
lab exam

Normal

109
%100

34
%31.2

35
%32.1

21
%19.2

0
%0

19
%17.4

Table 8: Severity of anxiety in total participants and their needs according to the severity of their anxiety.

Impaired
Fasting
Glucose
Level

Hypo
glycemia

Diabetes

10<
Vitamin D
<30

Vitamin D
<10

Total
Participants

8
%21

1
%2.5

1
%2.5

33
%86.8

4
%10.5

38
%100

Normal

Hypo or
Hyper
Thyroid

Anemia

200<
Vitamin B12<
350

Vitamin B12
<200

Total
Participants

0
%0

0
%0

0
%0

27
%71

2
%5

38
%100

Table 9: The rate of medical diseases in the persons, chosen by the system for lab exam.

All of the students that the system had recommended to be visited by a physician or a psychiatrist, have been visited, and got a credit for future visit, if necessary. They treated via using vitamin D, vitamin b12, vitamin b2 for impaired fasting glucose, proper diet, no one treated by antidepressant or ant anxiety. After four month we came back to the high school to find out whether this system was effective in reducing depression or anxiety or not.
The results after three month
The participants divided to three groups
  1. Group one: treated patients, ones who continue treatment during four month.
  2. Group two: semi treated patients, ones who began the treatment but they not continue it for four month, they told us while they use what had prescribed they feel better.
  3. Group three: no treated patients, ones who have not begun treatment during four month.
Statistical results of PHQ9 changes in treated patients between May and Oct 2014: it is significant with P value 0.023 < 0.05.
  1. Statistical results of PHQ9 changes in non treated patients between May and Oct 2014: it is not significant.(P value = 0.331 > 0.05)
  2. Statistical results of PHQ9 changes in semi treated patients between May and Oct 2014: it is not significant.(P value = 0.055 > 0.05)
  3. Statistical results of GAD7 changes in treated patients between May and Oct 2014: it is not significant.(P value = 0.069 > 0.05)
  4. Statistical results of GAD7 changes in non treated patients between May and Oct 2014: it is not significant.(P value = 0.103 > 0.05)
  5. Statistical results of GAD7 changes in semi treated patients between May and Oct 2014: it is not significant.(GAD7 before and after treatment is equal)

Conclusion

  1. By using this system: we can decrease the rate of depression without using any antidepressants.
  2. We can create medical and psychiatrically profile for several people without direct attending physicians or psychiatrists.
  3. We could saw there were different results in lab examinations in boys’ high schools and girls’ high schools. We need more practice with this system to can consider the best for each group.

References

  1. Sadock (2007) Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry. (10th edn), pp. 528.
  2. Sadock (2007) Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry. (10th edn), pp. 1259.
  3. Sadock (2007) Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry. (10th edn), pp. 581.
  4. Sadock (2007) Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry. (10th edn), pp. 1260.
  5. Sellers R1, Harold GT, Elam K, Rhoades KA, Potter R, et al. (2014) Maternal depression and co-occurring antisocial behaviour: testing maternal hostility and warmth as mediators of risk for offspring psychopathology. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 55(2): 112-120.
  6. Sadock (2007) Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry. (10th edn), pp. 1220.
  7. Merck manual. 18th edn, pp. 1668.
© 2014-2016 MedCrave Group, All rights reserved. No part of this content may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means as per the standard guidelines of fair use.
Creative Commons License Open Access by MedCrave Group is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://medcraveonline.com
Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version | Opera |Privacy Policy