Bioequivalence & Bioavailability
Short Communication
Volume 1 Issue 2 - 2015
Bioequivalence: Aspects beyond the Pharmaceutical Issues
Abdelaziz Ghanemi1,2,3*
1Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of the Chinese Academy of Sciences & Yunnan Province, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan 650223, PR China
2Kunming College of Life Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650204, China
3University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10049, PR China
Received: July 11, 2015 | Published: July 25, 2015
*Corresponding author: Abdelaziz Ghanemi, Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms, Kunming Institute of Zoology Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 32 Jiaochang Dong lu, Kunming 650223, China, E-mail address:
Citation: Ghanemi A (2015) Bioequivalence: Aspects beyond the Pharmaceutical Issues. MOJ Bioequiv Availab 1(2): 00007. DOI: 10.15406/mojbb.2015.01.00007


Bioequivalence [1,2] represents an important concept in pharmacy and pharmacology since it defines the similarity in term of both pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. It represents the scientific concept that can insure the therapeutic equivalence of substitutive forms of the same treatments. However, the aspects related to the bioequivalence are not limited to the scientific definitions but are also influenced by factors none related to pharmacy and some of these factors should not even exist.

 Indeed, some drugs or pharmaceutical preparations that are supposedbioequivalent are in fact not equivalent. This might be due to either the process of bioequivalence validation or the quality control. In some countries/regions the drugs quality control systems are weak because of many reasons such as the relatively lack of sophisticated equipment and the limited number of experts. Another issue that seriously influences the quality of the bioequivalent drugs is represented by the administrative problems. For example, if the regulations are not severely applied we might find ourselves with an analytic document that certifies that two drugs are equivalent while they are not; this might be due to economic or political reasons which will have an impact of the population health.

 Therefore, a good quality control system needs both an appropriate scientific approaches [3-5] which implies an adequate training of professionals, and also laws and regulation with a server application of them toward putting the population health over the economic consideration. The implementation of such principles might require strong political decisions and eventually collaborations between different organizations within the same country, within a region and at an international level within the contexts of both international prescriptions [6] and international drug markets [7]. Importantly, educating the general population (for example within the context of associations) about the bioequivalence-related concepts and make a general debate about them would put more pressure on health responsible toward improving the diver’s medical and political aspects or the bioequivalence.


Abdelaziz Ghanemi is a recipient of a 2013 CAS-TWAS President’s Postgraduate Fellowship.


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