Advances in ISSN: 2373-6402APAR

Plants & Agriculture Research
Editorial
Volume 3 Issue 2 - 2016
Nanotechnology and Its Application in Agriculture
Rania A Taha*
Department of Pomology, National Research Centre, Egypt
Received: January 18, 2016 | Published: February 03, 2016
*Corresponding author: Rania Abdel-Ghaffar Taha Khalil, Department of Pomology, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth st, Dokki, Giza, Egypt, Tel: 02-01224184078; Email:
Citation: Taha RA (2016) Nanotechnology and Its Application in Agriculture. Adv Plants Agric Res 3(2): 00089. DOI: 10.15406/apar.2016.03.00089

Editorial

The part “Nano” is usually used with very small particles which size is 10-9 meter, thus these particles have unique physicochemical properties [1]. Some of these properties are the large surface area, more reactivity, being more absorbed, etc [2]. The success of nanotechnology applications in many industries, medicines, electronics and others enhanced the interesting in agricultural applications [3]. Firstly, the fear from toxicity of nanoparticles delayed their agricultural applications. Although more than 800 nanotechnologies-based consumer products are currently available worldwide, only 10 percent of these are foods, beverages and food packaging products [4]. Many articles indicated toxicity effect of nanoparticles on plants [5]. But these reports explain it as dose-response relationship. It also depends on nanoparticles type and plant species [1]. However, many researches indicated that, not all uses of nanomaterials in food and agriculture will result in exposure, and not all exposure will result in risk [6]. Nowadays, many countries have identified the potential of nanotechnology in the food and agriculture sectors and are investing in its applications to food production. In this view, the FAO/WHO expert report, 2010, assured some important recommendations about nanotechnology application, risk assessment and stakeholder confidence [7].

Some reports showed positive effects of nanoparticles on plants. These studies assessed the impact of silver, gold, zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, silicon dioxide nanoparticles, carbon nano tubes, etc. on plant growth and development as well as their mechanisms in plants. They found that nanotechnology can be a magical tool for enhancing growth and development in agriculture crops. Nanotechnology can also serve in plant fertilizers industry, bio-production of energy, cleaning of water, controlling of plant diseases and sterilization [3,8]. In plant fertilization, nano applications can minimize nutrient leaching and increase the crop yield by controlling the release of nutrients due to plant query [3,9].

Studies are important for more learning about physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms of plants due to exposure to nanoparticles. Also, researches are needed to detect the mode of action of nanoparticles, their interaction with biomolecules and their impact on the regulation of gene expressions in plants [1].

Finally, it is very true that we need to increase knowledge about nanotechnology in agriculture and food industry; its magical benefits in plant growth and development and the relationships between physicochemical characteristics of nanomaterials and biological interactions, but also we need to be careful about the risk with handling nanoparticles application in this important field.

References

  1. Siddiqui MH, Al-Whaibi MH, Firoz M, Al-Khaishany MY (2015) Role of Nanoparticles in Plants. In: Siddiqui MH et al. (Eds.), Nanotechnology and Plant Sciences, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, p. 19-35.
  2. Khodakovskaya MV, de Silva K, Biris AS, Dervishi E, Villagarcia H (2012) Carbon nanotubes induce growth enhancement of tobacco cells. ACS Nano 6(3): 2128-2135.
  3. Nair R, Varghese SH, Nair BG, Maekawa T, Yoshida Y, et al. (2010) Nanoparticulate material delivery to plants. Plant Sci 179(3): 154-163.
  4. Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars (2009) The nanotechnology consumer Inventory.
  5. Canas JE, Long M, Nations S, Vadan R, Dai L, et al. (2008) Effects of functionalized and non- functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes on root elongation of select crop species. Environ Toxicol Chem 27(9): 1922-1931.
  6. Buzea C, Pacheeco II, Robbie K (2007) Nanomaterials and nanoparticles: Sources and toxicity. Biointerphases 2(4): MR17-MR71.
  7. FAO/WHO (2010) Application of nanotechnologies in the food and agriculture sectors: potential food safety implications. Expert meeting report, Rome, Italy, pp. 129.
  8. Carmen IU, Chithra P, Huang Q, Takhistov P, Liu S, et al. (2003) Nanotechnology: A new frontier in food science. Food Technol 57: 24-29.
  9. De Rosa MC, Monreal C, Schnitzer M, Walsh R, Sultan Y (2010) Nanotechnology in fertilizers. Nat Nanotechnol 5: 91.
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