MOJ ISSN: 2373-4442MOJI

Immunology
Procceding
Volume 3 Issue 2 - 2016
Sensitization Prevalence of Children (0-18 year) with Atopic Dermatitis to Airborne and Food Allergens in Sakarya Province of Turkey
Öner Özdemir*, Elmas B and Aydin E
Department of Pediatrics, Sakarya University, Turkey
Received: February 03, 2016 | Published: February 18, 2016
*Corresponding author: Öner Özdemir, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Research and Training Hospital of Sakarya University, Adnan Menderes Cad, SaÄŸlık Sok. No: 195, Adapazarı, Sakarya, Turkey, Tel: + 90-(264) -444 54 00; Fax: +90-(264) -275 91 92; Email:
Citation: Özdemir Ö, Elmas B, Aydin E (2016) Sensitization Prevalence of Children (0-18 year) with Atopic Dermatitis to Airborne and Food Allergens in Sakarya Province of Turkey. MOJ Immunol 3(2): 00078. DOI: 10.15406/moji.2016.03.00078

Abstract

Introduction: This is a part of extensive research including food and inhalant allergen sensitizations evaluated in the same study in a moist Sakarya province of Turkey, Sakarya.

Aim: Aim of this study was to explore what kind of allergens play a role in sensitizations of atopic dermatitis patients during childhood in Sakarya Province of Turkey.

Methods: 191 patients, 0-18 years of age, who thought to have atopic dermatitis referred to only pediatric allergy outpatient clinic in Sakarya for an allergic evaluation between May 2013-April 2015. Multiple skin prick test system was used as a test apparatus to detect sensitization. For dust mite testing Dermat. pter. / farinae; animals: cat/dog; molds: Alternaria/Cladosporium; grasses: meadow fescue, nettle, mugwort, fathen, weed mix, cereal mix and grass mix; trees: cypress, ash, pine and olive; for foods: cow’s milk, egg, peanut, hazelnut and fish extracts were utilized. Skin prick test evaluation criteria are as follows: Equal positive response to histamine was accepted as (3+), which is assumed to be significant sensitization.

Results: In overall; 80/191 (42%) children showed ≥ (3+) response. According to 80 patients’ evaluation: there were ≥ (3+) sensitizations to pollen groups (28/80: 35%); mites group (33%); grasses (26%); foods (23%); trees (9%); molds (8%) and animals (3%). In atopic dermatitis patients below 5 years of age: in overall; 57/150 (38%) children showed ≥ (3+) response. There were ≥ (3+) sensitizations to mites group (22/57: 39%); foods (32%); pollen groups (18%); grasses (14%); molds (9%); trees (4%) and animals (4%). In atopic dermatitis patients above 5 years of age: in overall; 23/41 (56%) children showed ≥ (3+) response. There were ≥ (3+) sensitizations to pollen groups (18/23: 78%); grasses (57%); trees (22%); mites group (17%); and molds (4%).

Conclusion: As expected, there were significant allergies mostly to pollens, mites and foods in atopic dermatitis patients. Also, low overall sensitization rate (<%10 to molds) is of interest in our eczema patients whom referred to us from humid Sakarya province. In eczema patients below 5 years of age, 32% of food allergy was as expected. In eczema patients above 5 years of age, increasing rate of (56%) sensitization make them possible atopic and develop allergic disease in their future life.

© 2014-2016 MedCrave Group, All rights reserved. No part of this content may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means as per the standard guidelines of fair use.
Creative Commons License Open Access by MedCrave Group is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://medcraveonline.com
Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version | Opera |Privacy Policy