Advances in ISSN: 2378-3168AOWMC

Obesity, Weight Management & Control
Opinion
Volume 5 Issue 2 - 2016
My opinion: Obesity Interventions Need Integration across Sectors and Translation of Good Research to Communities
Brenda AZ Abu*
Nutritional Sciences Department, Texas Tech University, USA
Received: August 19, 2016 | Published: October 07, 2016
*Corresponding author: Brenda AZ Abu, PhD, Nutritional Sciences Department, Texas Tech University, College of Human Sciences, Texas, USA. Email:
Citation: Abu BA (2016) My opinion: Obesity Interventions Need Integration across Sectors and Translation of Good Research to Communities. Adv Obes Weight Manag Control 5(2): 00123. DOI: 10.15406/aowmc.2016.05.00123

Opinion

Obesity is a global problem Global Nutrition Report 2016 indicate an increasing trend [1]. More than half (52.0%) of adults 18years and above worldwide are either obese or overweight [2]. Similarly, obese children have increased globally with Africa and Asia recording up to double the number of obese/overweight children under 5years between 1990 and 2014 [2].

The consequences of these increasing prevalence’s of obesity is directly the increase in body mass index, increased risk for several non-communicable diseases [3], increased disability and premature death in adulthood for children [2]. Obesity related deaths have increased compared to underweight related deaths. A more indirect effect is increased health care cost [1], reduced workforce and development in nations. This is an indication that obesity greatly affects the individual and affects families, communities or nations. Obesity, a threat to life and the growth of populations have inspired more research [4], and innovation. Deservedly, great advances have been made in generating evidence in nutrition education programming, medical procedures, medications and policies to directly reduce or create an enabling environment [5] to reduce obesity.

Advances in nutrition research, technology and findings need to be translated into real life situations. Many reviews and meta-analyses on obesity related interventions have postulated ideas on mice and human studies. Mindful of the need for ethical research, many findings such as the role of Omega-3 fatty acids [6] in reducing obesity requires practicalisation. Many of these findings appear only in publications and have not been scaled up to human studies or have not been tested in free living situations. Thus, a need for more funding and partnerships in translation research.
The great deficiency in our efforts as concerned and health care workers has been the struggle for credit and credibility of research or program approaches. This has led to the implementation of parallel interventions. The bench, clinic and community researchers/programmers’ efforts are united in their single goal to reduce obesity and its consequences. This we need to showcase in integration with education messages. Obesity is mainly a nutrition-related health condition, but also a social condition [7]. The recipients of education/treatment need to integrate experts’ advice on food, exercise and emotional management, but mostly lack the tools to do so efficiently. However, they are not alone, the experts lack these tools too. We need a united front, relating messages which build on the strengths of each other.

Sustained behavior change in an enabling environment is key. Healthier, affordable food choices should be available and accessible to all people. Similarly, it can be said about the treatment for already obese adults and children and preventive initiatives. Sustainability of interventions needs a discussion among research, policy, program and funding stakeholders to drive more integrated and multi-disciplinary approaches.

Obesity rates are increasing globally leading to great effects on individuals and nations. Health bearers have made tremendous progress in identify, treating and preventing the increase in obesity prevalence rates. However, the translation of good research beyond publications, intervention integrated and multidisciplinary approaches are important to lead to sustained progress in addressing obesity.

References

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