Journal of ISSN: 2373-633XJCPCR

Cancer Prevention & Current Research
Short Communication
Volume 6 Issue 4 - 2016
Cancer: The Growing Monster in Egypt
Amal S Ibrahim1* and Nabiel Nazmi2
1National Cancer Institute, Egypt
2Department of Biostatistics and Cancer Epidemiology, South Egypt Cancer Institute, Egypt
Received: August 07, 2016 | Published: December 22, 2016
*Corresponding author: Amal S. Ibrahim, MD, Dr. PH, Professor of Epidemiology, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Director, National Cancer registry program, Egypt, Email:
Citation: Ibrahim AS, Nazmi N (2016) Cancer: The Growing Monster in Egypt. J Cancer Prev Curr Res 6(4): 00217. DOI: 10.15406/jcpcr.2016.06.00217

Short Communication

The magnitude of the cancer problem remained unknown until very recently when Egypt national cancer registry program published its results in 2014, after 10 years of population-based registration [1]. The published incidence data replaced the hospital-based proportions that wouldn’t help to estimate magnitude of the problem [2]. The estimated crude incidence of cancer for 2013 was 115.7/100,000 males and 11o.3/100,000 females. The estimated incident cases were 114,985 in 2013.  Assuming that the age specific incidence rates would not change up to 2050; the number of incident cases would increase to 341,169 due to population growth by 160% and aging of the population as shown in the corresponding population pyramids. The main cause of increase was attributed to demographic change rather than population growth.  This 3-fold increase varied by site of tumor as shown in the table above. For the most common sites, increase in prostate cancer was highest for prostate cancer (424%) and lowest for breast cancer (253%). This expected increase by site would be reflected on control activities for early detection of breast and other cancers. Control of HCV infection would affect liver cancer [3]. Plans of control of HCV aim at eradication of the infection that would start to be effective by 2018. Interestingly, childhood cancer would increase to 120%; giving chance for proper planning for equity of distribution of services that are currently mainly located in Cairo (Figures 1-7).

Figure 1: Demographic background of cancer in Egypt.
Figure 2: Estimated incident cancer Cases.
Figure 3: Estimated number of Cases in Egypt (2013-2050) and causes of the increase in cases.
Figure 4: Percentage Increase in incident cancer cases 2013 and 2050.
Figure 5: Increase infrequent cancer sites in 2050 relative to 2015.
Figure 6: Age-specific incidence rate/100000 populations.
Figure 7: Magnitude of the problem.

References

  1. Ibrahim AS, Khaled HM, Mikhail NN, Baraka H, Kamel H (2014) Cancer incidence in egypt: results of the national population-based cancer registry program. J Cancer Epidemiol2014: 437971.
  2. Ibrahim AS, Mikhail NNH (2015) The Evolution of Cancer Registration in Egypt: From Proportions to Population-based Incidence Rates. SECI Oncology 2015: 4.
  3. Ezzat S, Abdel-Hamid M, Eissa SA, Mokhtar N, Labib NA, El-Ghorory L, et al. (2005) Associations of pesticides, HCV, HBV, and hepatocellular carcinoma in Egypt. Int J Hyg Environ Health 208(5): 329-339.
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